Like many CP soldiers, he contacted Indian, and Burmese, communists. Very readable and fair "journalistic" history of CP that aroused some controversy on publication. This 2nd edition has an extra chapter. Not in CP, but interesting references e. CP not involved in this militant anti-fascist Jewish organisation, but couple of refs to CP's anti-fascist work in the post war period.
Building worker, briefly on E. Brother of Brian. This famous first attempt at a history of the Party was quickly criticised and withdrawn. Very little in Vol. Active in London YCL. An historical analysis of "popular frontism" that argues that it was not a CP manipulation but a genuine political response to crisis by sections of the Labour left. Much on CP despite no ref. Autobiography of Hungarian born, British citizen sentenced to life imprisonment as "English spy" in Hungary released by uprising in She had worked for Comintern as a courier, came to Britain in mid-thirties and joined CP.
An easier read than Klugmann's preceeding vols, more open but still a bit "official". Slater wrote the libretto. This autobiog. Dundee mill worker, unemployed activist imprisoned several times , songwriter; expelled from CP in for criticising Stalin, but not anti-Communist. See also the first chapter for more on Kemp,for whom this book is a festschrift. Right-wing industrial correspondent. Some refs to ,CP Congresses etc. Has one chapter on "The Left". Written after the demise of the CPGB, and with better access to archives and interviews with members, it is more critical - and the first by a non-member.
Contents are arranged thematically. A rare analysis of this aspect of the CP's activity, that remained one of its weakest points. Very important; there are specific chapters on the CP, plus many more references - even more than the extensive index shows. Particularly useful on engineering, docks, buses. Democracy or Disruption? An Examination of Communist Influences in the T. There was a 2nd ed.
Originally appeared in "Labour Magazine". Chapter on his libel case against Workers' Publications. Nothing on CP in his 2nd vol. Author was delegate to the 3rd Congress of the C. Interesting on debates in the early Communist movement esp. Plays on fear of left-wing violence,but well researched and useful for CP's role in industrial disputes between Includes interviews with 13 sons and daughters of Communists talking about growing up in the s.
Reprint of article from "Adelphi" 19 March Sheffield master baker and member of Bakers' Union - probably the only person who led a strike against himself! On CP's electoral policy by publishers of the far-left "Leninist". Reprints some early CP documents.
Cook worked for the CP for many years, incl. This is an account of his round world bike trip he was to die on a follow-up trip in , but has a Foreword by P Devine which looks at the life and ideas of this much loved activist. A couple of brief but tantalising references to McKay's membership of CP - he was a founder member as part of Pankhurst's W.
Detailed look at the history of a Party business, based on the company's minutes and interviews with former members of staff. Battalion Commander in Spain who defected to Moral Re-armament. Contains: "The Historians Group of the C. On the Cambridge spies. Much on CP in Cambridge, incl.
Good bibliography. Reprint of with extensive intro. Also incl. Has brief biogs. Probably the CP's most well-known poet, he also wrote plays, novels, songs; edited "Left Review"; active in many areas of CP's cultural activity, including publishing. Left in Very important collection of essays incl. A quirky but interesting survey, based on a walk, of left wing activists in Cornwall - incl. Alfred Jenkin. One of a batch of autobiographies from this period by hostile ex-members. Darke was leading figure in London bus struggles.
An American edition was published the same year with the title " Cockney Communist". Autobiography, ghost-written according to her son, by husband Jack. She was active alongside husband and served as nurse in Spain. Leading figure in London dock struggles, then East End pensioners' movement.
One of the general histories of the left that gives a reasonable amount of coverage to the CP. New ed. Theses,Resolutions,Instructions etc. See Chap. Contains her articles in "Workers' Dreadnought" on the formation of the CP and her later expulsion. Selkirk was miner who became a Communist councillor in Cowdenbeath for 32 years.
Book consists of a reprint of his autobiography "The Life of a Worker" plus other writings by and about him. Joined CP while at public school;Oxford during General Strike;expelled during the war - claims he never found out why. Fascinating account of Communist activity in the forces; Arthur Attwood was court martialled for mutiny. R P Arnot's intro. Despite the huge scope of this book, it contains some valuable and unusual research on the CPGB.
Also a bit on "Straight Left". What's Wrong with Peter Seltman? Distinguished scientist; close to, but not member of CP though her husband was. Refs to other CP scientists. Reveals the extent of discrimination against CP members in the WEA and adult education in general [though see ]. Based on widespread interviews with activists, esp. Ran Soviet spy network in Switzerland during war before breaking with Communism.
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Later ed. Much on CP. Very brief autobiographical entries follow each entry; 2 in CP, another ref. NUWM activist, engineering shop steward and organiser, bibliophile. Co-founder of Working Class Movement Library. Important attempt to list these rare papers, though despite the title they range from to Unfortunately it excludes some mags that are in CP Archive collection, but lists some from the Moscow Archives for the first time.
Research a bit rushed e. Locations given. CP women's organiser in s. Article followed by feature on Aid for Spain Movement. Wales community including an attack on a meeting in Flint in Several references to CP in Wimbledon. The CP has a brooding presence in this well written autobiography of a working class youth in s Jewish Gorbals; sometimes this extends to a sinister presence but it is not always convincing. This is enlarged ed. Sequel to "Brighton Beach to Bengal Bay". Much on CP activities.
Pedestrian autobiography; Jewish London background, active in Unity Theatre in s.
National Night Out is an annual community-building campaign.
India during WW2. Followed up by "Back To Brighton". Joined CP in "He lost his card in or and never rejoined". Autobiography of labour historian who was active in CP in early 50s - good picture of branch life in E. Attractive and profusely illustrated book about well known life-long Communist artist. Wide-ranging right-wing attack on all aspects of Communism everywhere, but has quite a bit on CPGB - much from CP sources so not very original. Unemployed campaigns, Spanish Civil War, rent strikes, Savoy picket, pensioners' movement etc.
Through Garman she joined the CP. Deals almost exclusively with LP - only a couple of passing refs to the CP,but interesting. Foreword by F Chapple. An awful book:half consists of quotes from Scargill to prove he is a revolutionary;the rest does have some useful biographical info. Claims her son was youngest British volunteer in I. This book has quite a bit on the political background of the volunteers. A few interesting comments on CP members in electricians' and printing unions by the anti-Communist Gen.
This ed. Slightly disappointing autobiography by seaman and former Wobbly who joined CP and was leader of the MM. Disappointingly few refs to this composer's brief CP membership though her husband, the interesting Edward Clark, was in much longer. Lutyens' autobiography does not mention the CP - apart from a King Street offer to organise baby-sitting for her so she could attend a meeting. Harrison, who played an important role in the award-winning designs of the DW and MS, includes the history of Communist newspaper production in this history. Professor of physics and musician; much on WMA and political songs in general.
Interesting account of trying to maintain CP organisation and political debate in Japanese P. Oxford, then Brighton postwar. Of interest especially for discussion on role of women, domestic violence. Rutherglen came top. Christine Collette and Stephen Bird; Ashgate. Short uncritical biog. Covers her role in Spanish Civil War.
Although a wide-ranging study, there is a lot of detailed information on CP. Brief but important analysis. Important autobiography of the life-long Communist historian; very useful on Cambridge students in s. C Feinstein;C. Collection of articles, incl. Does contain new translation of interview from German mag. Left CP in The first edition was self published;this second ed. Reply to J Higgins in "I. Revised ed. Important British composer who joined CP in , left in because he felt the Party was not using him and his abilities;rejoined in ,left Awful - e.
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Curiously in his, and the Party's, later years he moved closer again. More on CP than appears from the index. Good on David Archer's Parton Bookshop. Fascinating character: self taught intellectual, renowned for his dirty clothes and appearance and his public speaking gifts. Famous autob. This autob. Especially on governmental fears of CP in industry, late s-early s. Unfortunately little on her membership of CP - more on her work in USA then, after her imprisonment and deportation to Britain, on her work in the West Indian community.
Partly on Major Frank Thompson,a British agent who died fighting with the Bulgarian guerrillas in Argues that the Moscow imposed formation of the CPGB marginalised healthy anti-Parliamentary trends in British socialism and anarchism. Jones attended, and gives lively description of, founding Conference of CP. Reprint in pamphlet form of a rather flimsy letter by the Home Secretary. Detailed information on the period preceeding the formation of the CP and its earliest years. She was a writer, translator and historian playing a role in the Historians' Group. Contains some details about the life of Margaret Mynatt, her partner and manager of Central Books.
Strange anti-Communist book - a sort of cultural critique of Communist attitudes, mainly on Britain, by an ex CP member. Much on literature and the arts. Important study that concludes the formation of the CP was an error, an artificial imposition on the British labour movement. This is a key debate in the historiography of the CPGB.
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The hard-hitting and tense debates took place behind closed doors at the end of September and beginning of October and show the CP coming to terms with the instructions from Moscow to reverse the its support for the war. A key work for understanding the politics and psychology of British Communists. Her real name was Iris Kingston. Expelled from CP in having been expelled from the Labour Party in Based on many interviews, as official records minimised the importance of political activity in the armed forces; covers the Cairo Parliament, Heliopolis House of Commons and other activities incl.
The very official history of the CPGB. Klugmann only wrote 2 volumes - it was just not possible then to deal with more controversial and recent events. It is still packed with useful information. Many more refs. Important for state activities against the CP.
Mainly selection of his writings but incl. This 2nd vol. Author joined CP in ; describes anti-fascist activities, Kinder trespass etc. Fought in Spain. Autobiography of active CP member who achieved fame as impressario and film producer. In his youth he worked in the Workers' Bookshop.
Index weak. Unemployed activist in Rotherham. Member of I. Also other refs. Quotes from Vera Leff's unpublished memoir - she played important role in the organisations leading to the formation of CND. See last 2 chapters,esp. Contains his autobiographical trilogy; very little on CP though more than appears from the index , mostly in Epilogue. Looks at Communist attitude to children's upbringing, home life, marriage, morality, behaviour, lifestyle and death. Building worker's leader, active in Stevenage - interesting on new towns. Fife miners' leaders.
Voices From the Hunger Marches Vol. Preface by E P Thompson. Important study that counters the emphasis of Kendall's controversial "Revolutionary Movement in Britain". Interesting and well researched. Links CP educational work with an earlier tradition in the labour movement; also useful on geographical differences.
Widely recognised as one of the best local studies of CP activity. Dramatic description of Communists at the "DW" coming to terms with Soviet invasion of Hungary - or not in some cases. Vivid mix of the personal and political, and one of the best accounts of coming to terms with Stalinism. Includes biog. Contains couple of interviews with anonymous CP members, but the index is no help. YCL from Lancs textile industry;Sec. Later very anti-Communist. Destroy the Old to Build the New! Argues for concentrating on factory branches as opposed to the "constitutional" road to socialism.
Autobiographical excerpts, songs and stories by the well known Glaswegian political folk-singer. Important collection of well researched essays generally on lesser known CP members, or as in the case of Rust and Smith who held leading positions, on whom there is no other published work. The "Who's Who" has very useful biographical comments. Includes brief survey of CP's anti-military activities. Also interesting material on work of George Hardy for Profintern in Asia.
Working for the secret services, she broke into R P Dutt's flat in search of a mysterious trunk only to find his marriage certificate! At the height of munitions production in , almost 1,, women were involved in some part of the national munitions manufacturing process; yet, despite this consequential number, no in-depth analysis of their uniform has been undertaken. Paradoxically, uniformity is not essential to the uniform. He also writes that there is an implicit assumption that there are values embedded within the uniform that will be taken on by the wearer.
This is an important point when looking at the stylized representations of munitions women where their femininity has been exaggerated within in the vast industrialised setting of a previously male-dominated work place. However, to suggest that women had any agency over the design and wearing of these working clothes is misleading. The actual uniform was not viewed as a success by the workers themselves: some women felt that the trousers were hot and heavy and the more traditional gown lacked practicality.
Peggy Hamilton, a middle class munitions worker, wrote in her autobiography that:. We in the toolroom were given thick, voluminous cotton overalls with caps to match. The overalls were hot and bulky and tied round the waist with anything we could find. We looked like a bunch of old rags…I have no doubt that the Welfare Department did a very good job under difficult and frustrating conditions. It was staffed by people largely unaccustomed to work, who were being asked to design clothes for women doing work that their sex had never performed before.
Uniforms, according to his reasoning, are such because they incorporate an insignia legitimised by the state. His argument that civilians change out of their day-to-day clothing into another form of clothing to carry out their work is another way in which he qualifies occupational clothing. It is also evident that uniforms were specifically commissioned from established ready-to-wear factories.
Figure 2. Cover of "How to Dress for Munition Making" and inside of brochure detailing fabric and costs. Only four entered into the scheme the last two felt that they had first-hand knowledge of the dangers of the chemicals used and the protection required. Nevertheless it seems that as late as the 10th May, , when, in a letter to Lord Rothermere, a Mr S Addison writes that the uniforms were still in the experimental stage, that there was no standardised design and that only small quantities were ordered at any given time.
Figure 3. Still from British Pathe film showing a woman munitions worker wearing a striped blouse whilst packing cartridges. Information found in Tin 41 which British Pathe attribute possibly to but could be later. I suspect that these companies were also producing uniforms for the services, hence the abundance of khaki coloured material, but I have no evidence to corroborate this theory. There are no surviving purchase orders, receipts or invoices pertaining to the ordering of the uniforms, as in the case of the Land army, and it seems records may have been kept by the Lady Supervisors as in the case of Miss E.
On looking at the photographs different tones of the fabric can be seen and it seems that the trousers may have been made to a standard pattern hence the differing lengths fig. Figure 4. Detail of photographs showing varying fabrics and lengths of the trousers. Other photographs indicate laces tied tightly around the legs fig.
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Figure 5. Photograph of Harsleden munitions workers' trousers tied with string. Date unknown. As you got made an overlooker you were wearing a chocolate brown tunic with a green belt and green collar and trousers.
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Some believed that femininity and the female sex had to maintain certain characteristics and that any destabilisation of this role would lead to promiscuity; as such the uniform had to be seen as a temporary utilitarian garment essential in the unusual circumstances of war. The women had to remove all trappings of femininity like hairpins and corsets before commencing work in the factory. K Foxwell writes extensively and romantically on how the women tried to feminize their uniforms firstly with flowers, then brightly coloured ribbons and even stockings and high-heeled shoes. A sewing room was provided where all overalls, etc.
Figure 6. Photograph showing a munitions worker having danergous chemicals 'hoovered' off her uniform. Very little check was exercised on those leaving to see if they had returned their overalls, and records of issue and return were in a hopeless state of confusion…. Going down the street in an overall…. Must be decent in the street.
However well meaning, the actuality of their protective clothing was woefully inadequate as shown in the many deaths and the appalling injuries and illnesses these poor women suffered, from skin discolouration, jaundice, vomiting, to changes in menstruation and heart palpitations.
They were merely as a garment suitable for their war work. By its nature the trousers were a uniform that had to be worn by the employees and the idea that it was a signifier of the hopes and aspirations of the wearer is therefore contradictory. Not only did these women have to contend with the deaths of family and loved ones but the dangers and loss of life in the factories were also very real. Yet one of the main reasons the trousers did not survive the war was due to their becoming impregnated with the chemicals used.
With the cessation of hostilities the majority of women were expected to relinquish their jobs to the returning soldiers. Hence, after the war there would have been no need to retain their uniforms. As none of the oral history records pursued what the women did with their uniforms, it seems probable that the trousered uniforms were destroyed due to the dangerous chemicals and having no fashionable worth, were regarded as redundant in peacetime.
The women munitions workers not only suffered physically but were also subjected to harsh criticism by the press. This photograph of two possibly sister munitionettes outside the Woolwich Arsenal fig. Ultimately, however, this image is an anonymous record of a non-existent garment. Figure 8. Courtesy of the Imperial War Museum Q Stroud: The History Press , London: I. Tauris, Munitions Workers in the Great War. London: University of California Press, New York:George H.
Doran Co. The Memoirs of a Munition Worker,